James concludes his quest to truly understand everyday objects by putting them back together piece by piece with an electric guitar.
147 pieces must be reassembled carefully and in the correct order, which will entail soldering, extensive use of James's precision Japanese screwdrivers and some fiddly electronics.
The electric guitar transformed the music industry and society itself and, channelling his namesake Brian, James will plug in his reassembled guitar and hope he put all the bits together correctly as he gets ready to perform one of most unexpected guitar solos of all time.
In our third and final episode of Dig WW2, historian Dan Snow travels to Lough Foyle to dive on a Flying Fortress that never made it on a bombing raid. Unearthing stories of the crew, we hear how they miraculously survived the crash helped by a local woman and her sailboat. He then heads to the shores of Lough Neagh where, at RAF Cluntoe, pilots and crew were trained for flying missions all over Europe. Finally, he reveals the climactic end of the Battle of the Atlantic on the River Foyle docks, where the German navy surrendered their U-boat fleet and from where they set out to be sunk off Malin Head. Dan returns to this U-boat graveyard to dive on one very special submarine, which could have spelled victory over Germany, but arrived just too late.
If you think the Earth takes millions of years to change, it’s time to think again! Presented by Hannah Fry, this TV special reveals how much our planet can change in just 24 hours. A new era of science allows us to watch as the Earth moves, breathes, shrinks and grows right under our noses. The story is driven by scientists and explorers, and harnesses cutting-edge data, newly launched satellites and blue chip CGI to show us the true personality of the Earth… more dynamic than it’s ever been seen before. Every minute new land is born, every hour tonnes of rock arrive from space, before you go to sleep a cloud of dust from the Sahara will have fertilised the Amazon, and while all that was happening, the ground under your feet moved half a metre. As Hannah explains, Earth’s daily changes are all linked in surprising ways, and - more importantly – we would not be able to survive on the planet without them.
We start with the inner earth – the invisible but hugely dynamic system beneath our feet which constantly rebuilds the planet’s surface. On the island of Stromboli, we climb a volcano with geologist Professor Chris Jackson to see how much lava a single volcano can produce on a daily basis and how that lava builds new land. Chris also reveals what powers the inner earth – radioactive decay beneath of our feet, where heavy elements are constantly decaying into lighter ones – a process that produces the equivalent energy of 27,000 Hiroshima bombs every day. This energy is a crucial driver to plate tectonics and therefore volcanic activity. And the speed with which volcanic activity makes land is crucial - if it didn’t create land faster than erosion destroys it, we would have no land to live on and the world would be one giant ocean.
The story doesn’t stop with new land being made. It’s also constantly being moved. We reveal how the moon not only causes huge movements of water in the ocean – which we know as the tides - but also creates waves of solid rock on land, known as 'solid earth tides'; a ceaseless shape change which we never notice. When amateur divers Ramon and Veronica Llaneza found red dust in an underwater cave in the Bahamas, little did they know how far it had travelled to get there. Scientist Charlie Bristow has tracked the source of the dust to the Sahara and worked out how huge quantities of solid mud get airborne and carried across the Atlantic – half a million tonnes of it per day! Much of it ends up in the Amazon, where it helps fertilise the rainforest – the lungs of the planet. Meanwhile, in the polar regions, mountains are also being moved – by glaciers, which grind down rock 24-7 and eventually deposit it in the ocean, where it helps trigger another daily change – this time to life.
In the ocean, we follow the daily growth of phytoplankton – microscopic plant life fuelled by the nutrients put into the ocean by erosion. Five billion tonnes of it grow every day and, like all plants, absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. In fact, there is so much phytoplankton in the ocean that they are responsible for every second breath we take. The explosive growth of phytoplankton triggers another global change and the biggest mass movement of animal life known to science – the daily migration of the zooplankton, which rise up from the depths every night to feed on the plants. In Florida, we get underwater with a group of intrepid divers, who plunge into the pitch-black ocean for a chance to see this global phenomenon up close. We also look at how science is now able to track the growth of plants on land using satellites. If you could put all the growth in all the world’s forests into one imaginary tree, you would get a single tree three km tall in just one day. But with all this growth, there is an inevitable flipside - fire. The film goes behind the scenes with the US Forest Service as they tackle the biggest wildfire in California’s history. Every day an area of forest twice the size of the Grand Canyon National Park is burnt down.
Finally, Hannah Fry gets us to look outwards. The Earth is not a bubble – it’s part of a bigger cosmic system that every day messes with the composition of our planet. We lose atmospheric gases like hydrogen and helium at the rate of 1kg per second to space. And once they’re gone, they’re gone. In fact, when you look at the Northern Lights, you’re actually looking at helium being lost. But Earth does get something back from space. We join a group of amateur astronomers to watch the Geminid meteor shower in the deserts of California. This heavenly light display is actually revealing a process that goes on all day, every day. The Earth is constantly picking up space dust – an estimated 60 tonnes of it every 24 hours. But perhaps the biggest change of all is the one that few of us are even aware of. Our whole galaxy is moving through the cosmos at two million km per hour.
It really is a different planet every day. If it weren’t, we wouldn’t be on it!
Comedian Rik Mayall died suddenly on 9 June 2014. Mayall's blend of rocket-fuelled physical comedy, surrealism, subversive satire and pompous punk wit left a body of work that spanned four decades. Mayall's characters include the Black Country's investigative nerd Kevin Turvey, Felicity Kendal-adoring student and 'People's Poet' Rik in The Young Ones, ruthless MP Alan B'Stard in The New Statesman, seedy loser Richie in Bottom, and larger-than-life characters Robin Hood and flying ace Lord Flashheart from Blackadder.
Narrated by Simon Callow, this programme salutes Rik Mayall and celebrates his part in the UK's comedy history using rare and unseen archive footage. It also features contributions from people who knew or admired him, including Michael Palin, Simon Pegg, Lenny Henry, Ben Elton, Alexei Sayle, Christopher Ryan, Tim McInnerny, Jools Holland, Ruby Wax and Greg Davies.
Archaeologist Julian Richards returns to some of his most important digs to discover how science, conservation, and brand new finds have changed our understanding of entire eras of ancient history. Julian goes back to the excavation of two very different Iron Age woman - the possible sacrifice of a teenage girl from the Cotswolds, and the extraordinary chariot queen whose well preserved possessions are leading to some astonishing new conclusions about Iron Age belief, all because of a mirror and its otter-fur bag.
Musician and advocate Bob Geldof examines the life and work of one of the 20th century's greatest poets, William Butler Yeats. Geldof argues that as a poet and statesman, at the vanguard of a cultural revolution, Yeats brought about immense change in Ireland's struggle for independence, without firing a bullet.
Written by Geldof and Roy Foster, this incisive and moving documentary features readings by Bill Nighy, Van Morrison, Richard E Grant, Colin Farrell, Bono, Edna O'Brien, Ardal O'Hanlon, Noel Gallagher and Liam Neeson.
Violence flares after a cop's shooting of an unarmed man. A sense of injustice fuels Josephine's aggression in the Bodin case and Tintin's feelings on being kept in the dark.
No closer to arresting Drissa Camara or the corrupt cops, Laure and her team seek missing teen Maria. Roban is rattled to be testifying in court in his own defence, cross-examined by Josephine.
THURSDAY 03 OCTOBER 2019
THU 19:00 Beyond 100 Days (m0008zc1)
The latest news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.
THU 19:30 Top of the Pops (m0008zc3)
Peter Powell and Andy Crane present the pop chart programme, first broadcast on 21 July 1988. Featuring Kim Wilde, Everything but the Girl and S-Express.
THU 20:00 Greece with Simon Reeve (p03gk861)
In the second episode of this two-part series, Simon Reeve travels from the Peloponnese peninsula to the rugged and mountainous north of the country.
To learn more about Greece and the Greeks, he meets an extraordinary cast of characters, from a group of rebel monks to conservationists caring for an injured bear cub. Getting behind the picture-postcard image of this beautiful country, he finds out how the Greeks are coming to terms with a seemingly endless crisis.
THU 21:00 Eugenics: Science's Greatest Scandal (m0008zc5)
Science journalist Angela Saini and disability rights activist Adam Pearson, reveal that eugenics - the controversial idea that was a driving force behind the Nazi death camps - originated in the upper echelons of the British scientific community.
The presenters uncover how shocking eugenic beliefs permeated the British establishment and intelligentsia; supporters included figures such as Winston Churchill and Marie Stopes. They see how eugenics influenced the Mental Deficiency Act of 1913, which resulted in thousands of disabled people being locked up for decades. Eugenics shaped immigration law, education policy and even town planning. The documentary uncovers disturbing links between British universities and German race scientists in the first half of the 20th century, and investigates how eugenics fed into the racist ideologies of Nazi Germany.
THU 22:00 The Science of D-Day (b045gr8m)
In June 1944, one of the greatest amphibious assaults in history was launched from the south coast of England. Within a matter of hours, 7,000 vessels had landed 156,000 troops on the beaches of Normandy. It was a manoeuvre that changed the course of the war and tested innovations in science and engineering for the first time.
In this programme, engineer Rob Bell looks at the nuts and bolts which made such a staggering invasion possible - from giant troop-carrying gliders to tanks that could drive on water - and how necessity really did become the mother of invention. Like all new inventions, not all of them worked and resulted in devastating consequences. We find out why. This is the science of D-Day.
THU 22:30 World Athletics Championships (m0008zc9)
Day 7 - Part 3
Continued coverage from the 2019 World Athletics Championships in Doha featuring Katarina Johnson-Thompson’s bid for heptathlon glory. Gabby Logan presents all the action from the Middle East with expert analysis by British Olympic heptathlon gold medallists Jessica Ennis-Hill and Denise Lewis. Johnson-Thompson is taking on reigning European, world and Olympic Nafi Thiam of Belgium. Can the Briton spring an upset in Doha?
THU 23:00 Bute: The Scot Who Spent a Welsh Fortune (b08y60r0)
John Patrick Crichton Stuart, the 3rd Marquess of Bute, was one of the richest men in the British Empire in the late 19th century. With an annual income in excess of £150,000 - around £15 million in contemporary currency - he pursued his passion for architecture with a vengeance. Narrated by Suzanne Packer, The Scot Who Spent a Welsh Fortune delves into the extraordinary world of Lord Bute and reveals what connects the small Scottish island of Bute to modern Cardiff.
Bute was one of the most unconventional mavericks of the Victorian age, passionate about the past but also far ahead of his time - a blue-blooded aristocrat, who supported women's rights and striking miners, a Welsh-speaking intellectual Catholic who was also a ghost hunter. Above all, Bute was a fabulously rich and visionary creator of great architecture including the Gothic fantasy of Cardiff Castle, and Castell Coch - the fairy-tale castle.
The 3rd Marquess got his hands on his fortune at the age of 21, but already when he was 18, he met the outrageous and eccentric Gothic designer William Burges. It was the start of a lifetime's collaboration with artists and architects which would pour Bute's original mind into fabulous buildings in an astonishing variety of styles.
William Burges transformed Bute's medieval Cardiff Castle into a Welsh Camelot. Within fantasy towers, he created lavish interiors, rich with murals, stained glass, marble, gilding and elaborate wood carvings. Then Bute gave Burges the dream commission - to restore the 14th-century Welsh ruins of Castell Coch near Cardiff as a summer party house for the family. He recreated, from a heap of rubble, a fairy-tale castle. The interiors were elaborately decorated, with specially designed furniture. It even had its own vineyard - the first in Britain.
Bute's next target was the family ancestral seat Mount Stuart on the Isle of Bute, where he was born. When it was destroyed in a fire, Bute embarked on a huge new Gothic palace, driven by his own taste and design skills.
The footprint of the Bute family still looms large in Cardiff. The Bute obsession with Gothic style entered the architectural DNA of Cardiff's domestic buildings. The green lung at the city's heart - Bute Park - was the family's back garden, and Cathays Park, one of the finest civic centres in Britain, was sold to the city by Lord Bute on condition it would be used for cultural, civic and educational purposes. The Bute family names are everywhere - Bute Street, Mount Stuart Square, after the family estate in Scotland, and the now demolished Ninian Park Football Ground, after the 3rd Marquess's second son, who became MP for Cardiff and died in the First World War.
Bute died in 1900 aged only 53 after a protracted illness and was buried in a small atmospheric mausoleum in the family graveyard on the shores of the Isle of Bute. His heart was buried on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. But his greatest memorials are his Welsh and Scottish grand designs.
THU 00:00 Top of the Pops (m0008zc3)
[Repeat of broadcast at 19:30 today
THU 00:30 B is for Book (b07jlzb7)
Documentary following a group of primary schoolchildren over the course of a year as they learn to read. Some of them make a flying start, but others struggle even with the alphabet. The film takes us into their home lives, where we find that some parents are strongly aspirational, tutoring children late into the night, while others speak English as a foreign language, if at all.
As the children master the basics, they discover the magical world of stories and look with fresh eyes at the world around them. The film gives us privileged access to a profound process that all of us only ever do once in our lives.
THU 01:30 Spiral (b09qrc3w)
Drissa Camara is double-crossed, but hopes his hold over Gilou will save him. The secrets and lies become too much for Tintin. Josephine is in jeopardy if she sticks to her story.
In French with English subtitles.
THU 02:30 Spiral (b09qrc3z)
A blunder by the depleted detective team has a shocking outcome, while what Moldovan also sells is revealed. Will Edelman's bluntness sway Josephine? Roban runs out of options.
In French with English subtitles.
FRIDAY 04 OCTOBER 2019
FRI 19:00 World News Today (m0008zbq)
LIST OF THIS WEEK'S PROGRAMMES
The latest news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.
FRI 19:30 The Live Lounge Show (m0008zbs)
With Taylor Swift
Clara Amfo takes us behind the scenes of the world-famous Radio 1 Live Lounge – showcasing the biggest names in music. In this episode Taylor Swift, YUNGBLUD and Mahalia all feature.
FRI 20:00 50s Britannia (b01sgbw2)
Rock 'n' Roll Britannia
Long before the Beatles there was British rock 'n' roll. Between 1956 and 1960 British youth created a unique copy of a distant and scarce American original whilst most parents, professional jazz men and even the BBC did their level best to snuff it out.
From its first faltering steps as a facsimile of Bill Haley's swing style to the sophistication of self-penned landmarks such as Shakin' All Over and The Sound of Fury, this is the story of how the likes of Lord Rockingham's XI, Vince Taylor and Cliff Richard and The Shadows laid the foundations for an enduring 50-year culture of rock 'n' roll.
Now well into their seventies, the flame still burns strong in the hearts of the original young ones. Featuring Sir Cliff Richard, Marty Wilde, Joe Brown, Bruce Welch, Cherry Wainer and The Quarrymen.
FRI 21:00 Top of the Pops (m0008zbx)
Gary Davies and Nicky Campbell present the pop chart programme, first broadcast on 28 July 1988. Featuring Pat Benatar, Shakin' Stevens and Glenn Medeiros.
FRI 21:30 A Musical History (b0bss4sq)
Stevie Wonder: A Musical History
Well-known fans celebrate Stevie Wonder and his music by selecting some of his best-loved songs. Wonder is one of the dominant figures in American music, a multi-faceted genius whose music has permeated popular culture, and he is not short of celebrity fans. His musical achievements are lauded in this anthology of his greatest hits.
Contributors include actor Martin Freeman, singers Alexander O'Neal, James Morrison, Beverley Knight and Corinne Bailey Rae, New Order's Gillian Gilbert and Stephen Morris, DJs Ana Matronic, Trevor Nelson and Norman Jay, Heaven's 17's Glenn Gregory and Martyn Ware, journalist Sian Pattenden and presenter Emma Dabiri.
FRI 22:30 Betty Davis: Godmother of Funk (m0008zbz)
Funk Queen Betty Davis changed the landscape for female artists in America. She 'was the first', as former husband Miles Davis said. 'Madonna before Madonna, Prince before Prince'.
An aspiring songwriter from a small steel town, Betty arrived on the 70s scene to break boundaries for women with her daring personality, iconic fashion and outrageous funk music. She befriended Jimi Hendrix and Sly Stone, wrote songs for the Chambers Brothers and the Commodores, and married Miles – startlingly turning him from jazz to funk on the album she named 'Bitches Brew'. She then, despite being banned and boycotted, went on to become the first black woman to perform, write and manage herself.
Betty was a feminist pioneer, inspiring and intimidating in a manner like no woman before. Then suddenly - she just vanished. Betty Mabry Davis is a global icon whose mysterious life story has until now, never been told. Creatively blending documentary and animation, this movie traces the path of Betty’s life, how she grew from humble upbringings to become a fully self-realized black female pioneer the world failed to understand or appreciate, revealing the mystery of her 35-year disappearance and her battle with mental illness and poverty. After years of trying, the elusive Betty finally allowed the film-makers to creatively tell her story based on their conversations.
FRI 23:25 The Story of Funk: One Nation Under a Groove (b04t6nm5)
In the 1970s, America was one nation under a groove as an irresistible new style of music took hold of the country - funk. The music burst out of the black community at a time of self-discovery, struggle and social change. Funk reflected all of that. It has produced some of the most famous, eccentric and best-loved acts in the world - James Brown, Sly & the Family Stone, George Clinton's Funkadelic and Parliament, Kool & the Gang and Earth, Wind & Fire.
During the 1970s this fun, futuristic and freaky music changed the streets of America with its outrageous fashion, space-age vision and streetwise slang. But more than that, funk was a celebration of being black, providing a platform for a new philosophy, belief system and lifestyle that was able to unite young black Americans into taking pride in who they were.
Today, like blues and jazz, it is looked on as one of the great American musical cultures, its rhythms and hooks reverberating throughout popular music. Without it hip-hop wouldn't have happened. Dance music would have no groove. This documentary tells that story, exploring the music and artists who created a positive soundtrack at a negative time for African-Americans.
Includes interviews with George Clinton, Sly & the Family Stone, Earth, Wind & Fire, Kool & the Gang, War, Cameo, Ray Parker Jnr and trombonist Fred Wesley.
FRI 00:25 50s Britannia (b01sgbw2)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:00 today
FRI 01:25 Top of the Pops (m0008zbx)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:00 today
FRI 01:55 Hot Chocolate at the BBC (b06dl1c5)
Errol Brown, who died aged 71 in May 2015, was probably the most famous and ubiquitous black British pop star of the 70s and early 80s. He co-founded Hot Chocolate with Tony Wilson in 1970 and the band went on to have a hit every year between 1971 and 1984.
This compilation of BBC performances and rare interview extracts celebrates Errol and Hot Chocolate, showcasing their Top 10 hits alongside rarely seen early performances and cult fan favourites.
We journey through over 15 years of chart smashes showcasing all the infectious numbers - Every 1's a Winner, Emma, So You Win Again and It Started With a Kiss - and of course, The Full Monty scene-stealer You Sexy Thing, a song that was in the charts in the 70s, 80s and 90s.
There are reminders of just how many Top 10 moments they had, with Girl Crazy and No Doubt About It, the hit that got away - Mindless Boogie - and their first appearance on BBC television with Love Is Life. Hot Chocolate were that rarity, a 70s British pop band who largely wrote their own tunes and arrangements and a mixed race band who perhaps inadvertently helped foster an early sense of British multi-culturalism. In Errol, they had a frontman who was not only a great singer, songwriter and frontman, but also resolutely and undemonstratively always himself, at ease in his own skin.
FRI 02:55 A Musical History (b0bss4sq)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:30 today
(Note: the times link back to the details; the pids link to the BBC page, including iPlayer)
50s Britannia 20:00 FRI (b01sgbw2)
50s Britannia 00:25 FRI (b01sgbw2)
A Day in the Life of Earth 21:00 WED (m0001vjc)
A Musical History 21:30 FRI (b0bss4sq)
A Musical History 02:55 FRI (b0bss4sq)
B is for Book 00:30 THU (b07jlzb7)
Betty Davis: Godmother of Funk 22:30 FRI (m0008zbz)
Beyond 100 Days 19:00 MON (m0008z7f)
Beyond 100 Days 19:00 TUE (m0008zcc)
Beyond 100 Days 19:00 WED (m0008yzk)
Beyond 100 Days 19:00 THU (m0008zc1)
Bob Geldof on WB Yeats: A Fanatic Heart 00:00 WED (b076qphj)
Britain's Secret Seas 19:00 SAT (b011pkq2)
Britain's Secret Seas 03:05 SAT (b011pkq2)
Bute: The Scot Who Spent a Welsh Fortune 23:00 THU (b08y60r0)
Cake Bakers and Trouble Makers 20:00 MON (b063f2m0)
Detectorists 22:30 SAT (b06l11tj)
Detectorists 23:00 SAT (b06n9q3h)
Detectorists 23:30 SAT (b06nxyd8)
Dig WW2 with Dan Snow 20:00 WED (b01jc67j)
England's Forgotten Queen: The Life and Death of Lady Jane Grey 20:00 TUE (b09m5rpg)
Eugenics: Science's Greatest Scandal 21:00 THU (m0008zc5)
Greece with Simon Reeve 20:00 THU (p03gk861)
Hot Chocolate at the BBC 01:55 FRI (b06dl1c5)
I Was There: Kate Adie on Tiananmen Square 22:30 MON (b0b5y9l7)
Ireland's Treasures Uncovered 00:00 TUE (b070w5kh)
James May: The Reassembler 19:30 MON (b076np2b)
James May: The Reassembler 19:30 TUE (b076wf8f)
James May: The Reassembler 19:30 WED (b076wgvx)
Julieta 21:00 SAT (m0008z8p)
Life in the Air 20:00 SAT (b077ymy7)
Lost Films of WWII 22:00 SUN (m000856x)
Lost Films of WWII 23:00 SUN (m0008c3m)
Rhyme & Reason: BBC Introducing Arts 21:00 SUN (m0008z3f)
Rik Mayall: Lord of Misrule 22:00 WED (b04w7m97)
South Downs: England's Mountains Green 19:30 SUN (b08fsbtk)
South Downs: England's Mountains Green 02:50 SUN (b08fsbtk)
Spiral 01:00 SAT (b09kl71v)
Spiral 02:05 SAT (b09kl71x)
Spiral 00:45 SUN (b09ltxy7)
Spiral 01:45 SUN (b09ltxy9)
Spiral 01:30 MON (b09mb7v8)
Spiral 02:30 MON (b09mb7vb)
Spiral 02:00 TUE (b09p6y5g)
Spiral 02:55 TUE (b09p6y5j)
Spiral 01:40 WED (b09q4f9s)
Spiral 02:40 WED (b09q4f9v)
Spiral 01:30 THU (b09qrc3w)
Spiral 02:30 THU (b09qrc3z)
Spotlight on the Troubles: A Secret History 21:00 TUE (m0008zcf)
Stories from the Dark Earth: Meet the Ancestors Revisited 23:00 WED (b01sgx9m)
Storyville 21:00 MON (m0008z7h)
The Art That Made Mexico: Paradise, Power and Prayers 01:00 TUE (b09hm1y8)
The Incredible Story of Marie Antoinette's Watch with Nicholas Parsons 00:30 MON (b07xtbhr)
The Last Explorers 23:00 TUE (b017zqnn)
The Live Lounge Show 19:30 FRI (m0008zbs)
The Science of D-Day 22:00 THU (b045gr8m)
The Sinner 00:00 SUN (b09s52q3)
The Story of China 23:30 MON (b06yglnh)
The Story of Funk: One Nation Under a Groove 23:25 FRI (b04t6nm5)
The Women's Football Show 19:00 SUN (m0008z39)
Top of the Pops 00:00 SAT (m0008rmw)
Top of the Pops 00:30 SAT (m0008rm2)
Top of the Pops 19:30 THU (m0008zc3)
Top of the Pops 00:00 THU (m0008zc3)
Top of the Pops 21:00 FRI (m0008zbx)
Top of the Pops 01:25 FRI (m0008zbx)
Upstream 20:30 SUN (m0008z3c)
Voyages of Discovery 22:00 TUE (b0074t4k)
World Athletics Championships 22:30 THU (m0008zc9)
World News Today 19:00 FRI (m0008zbq)