Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping the world.
The National Trust started in Wales. Griff Rhys Jones examines how it manages its farmland and tenanted farms across the country, beginning in Pembrokeshire with the Trust's latest bequest, Treleddyd Fawr - the most painted and photographed cottage in Wales. Griff discusses the daunting restoration work facing National Trust building surveyor Nathan Goss.
Through this derelict farm worker's cottage, as well as a working farm producing potatoes sold under National Trust branding and a farm which no longer farms but instead operates as a children's adventure camp, Griff explores the variety of ways in which the Trust approaches its guardianship of farms and farmland.
Ray Mears explores how 500,000 square miles of flat, treeless grassland was the setting for some of the Wild West's most dramatic stories of Plains Indians, wagon trains, homesteaders and cattle drives.
Ray joins the Blackfeet Indian Nation as they demonstrate bareback riding skills before a ritual buffalo hunt and sacrifice, and learns how their ancestors were dependent upon the buffalo for their survival. He follows in the wagon ruts of the early pioneers along the Oregon Trail and hitches a ride on a prairie schooner with wagon master Kim Merchant. He discovers the stories of the early homesteaders who lived in sod-houses and farmed the wild grassland around them.
At a cattle auction in Dodge City he explores the story of the railways, cow-towns and the buffalo massacre. His journey across the Great Plains ends at Moore Ranch where he joins a long-horn cattle drive and learns about the life and myth of one of the Wild West's most iconic figures, the cowboy.
Ian Hislop travels back to the era of the Industrial Revolution and Victorian Britain. This was a time of some of the greatest progress and modernisation the country had ever seen - and yet, throughout these decades, writers, artists and politicians were trying to make sense of this new world by retreating into a very old world indeed: the Middle Ages.
The medieval revival had a huge impact on the country as it faced enormous upheaval. The novelist Walter Scott became a bestseller with his books Waverley and Ivanhoe, tales of gallant heroes and knights in armour. A dissatisfied workforce, faced with the threat of job losses from industrialisation, formed an ancient-style band of brothers to protest, calling themselves the Luddites. The Houses of Parliament were rebuilt in a medieval gothic style. And prime minister Benjamin Disraeli led a government that improved living and working conditions for millions by looking back to the values of the olden days.
With rich storytelling, fascinating anecdotes and a wry sense of humour, Ian explains how the Middle Ages actually made Britain modern.
Patrick Kielty's journey to find the truth about William Mulholland, the man who provided water for Los Angeles. Patrick's family are water men - from his great-grandfather to his father, they all worked for the water company in Northern Ireland. Water runs in his veins, along with gin on a Sunday night. Nowadays his second home is Los Angeles, so he was surprised to discover that the man who gave LA its water, and hence made the city we know today possible, was from Belfast. That man was William Mulholland, and this is Patrick's journey to find out why no-one has really heard of him.
Acclaimed author and whale-watcher Philip Hoare takes us into the world of baleen whales, the largest animals ever to have lived.
With plates of bristly baleen instead of teeth with which they filter their food, blue whales, fin whales and humpback whales swim the Atlantic. Hoare shows us how to identify whales from their tails or flukes, and explores the strange shared history between humans and whales.
AN Wilson discovers the real story behind the woman who supposedly spent the last half of her life in hiding, mourning the loss of her beloved Prince Albert. Alongside this well-known image of Victoria as the weeping widow, Wilson reveals that the years after Albert's death were actually a process of liberation and her most productive and exciting.
By examining her closest relationships in the four decades after Albert's death, Wilson tells the story of the Queen's gradual freedom from a life spent under the shadow of domineering men. Victoria's marriage had been a source of constraint as well as love, as Albert had used her pregnancies as a way to gain power and punished her for resenting it. But in her widowhood Queen Victoria, although bereft and deranged, was free to move in the world of politics and make deep friendships without concern.
From the controversial friendship with her highland servant John Brown to her most unconventional behaviour with her young Indian servant Abdul Karim, Wilson uncovers Victoria as a woman who was anything but 'Victorian'. Far from being prim and proper, she loved life in all its richness - she was blind to class and colour and, contrary to what we think, had a great sense of humour.
Queen Victoria's journals and letters are read by Anna Chancellor throughout.
British Airways is one of the UK's most visible brands, selling Britishness as a mark of quality. But in the last decade, the business has faced financial crisis and today more people fly Easyjet than BA. As the airline reaches a turning point, the BBC's cameras have been allowed unique access to its inner world, from top level decisions to the daily challenges of a global operation.
This episode explores how the airline tries to persuade people to spend more to fly, revealing the world found behind the 'millionaire's door' at Heathrow Terminal 5 - a lounge, restaurant, spa and champagne bar reserved for those select few who are happy to part with small fortunes to fly in the airline's first class.
Also this episode, a look at how the airline is playing catch-up with some of its rivals as it brings its first A380, the world's biggest passenger plane, into service. Plus, the programme follows 18 anxious new recruits on their journey to become cabin crew with British Airways. With exacting standards of dress, behaviour and knowledge, not all of them will make it through the six-week training course designed to uncover who is - and who is not - BA.
In April 1917, German U-boats were sinking a dozen British ships every day. The first sea lord, Jellicoe, warned that Britain might not be able to carry on fighting into 1918.
In the second of this two-part series, David Hayman explores Germany's World War One U-boat threat and the fascinating and dastardly ploys Britain used against the submarines.
THURSDAY 20 SEPTEMBER 2018
THU 19:00 Beyond 100 Days (b0bkykzt)
Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping the world.
THU 19:30 National Treasures of Wales (b04q1h03)
Griff Rhys Jones visits one of the grandest Restoration houses in Britain to find out why they have taken on what was once known as 'the most expensive council house in Britain'.
Just off the M4 motorway in south Wales lies the jewel in the crown of Newport - Tredegar House - home to generations of the glittering Morgan dynasty and now a feather in the cap of National Trust Wales. But alongside the benefits of running this stunning visitor attraction comes the responsibility of maintenance - as well as a remit to work with the local community who live cheek by jowl with the big house.
Griff investigates how the Trust manages this while also carrying on the painstaking work of unearthing the hidden history of the house and its beautiful gardens.
THU 20:00 Andrew Marr on Darwin's Dangerous Idea (b00j0c54)
Body and Soul
In the first episode of the three-part series, Andrew Marr explores how Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection has taken on a life of its own far beyond the world of science.
He argues that Darwin's theory has transformed our understanding of what it means to be human. Over the last 150 years, Darwin's ideas have challenged the need for a creator, undermined religious authority and provided new ways of looking at the origins of human morality.
Marr's journey begins following Darwin's footsteps in Tierra del Fuego at the southernmost tip of South America, where Darwin first encountered a native tribe. This began to raise questions in his mind about the origins of the human race. The answers to these questions would emerge over the next 30 years, culminating in the publication of On the Origin of Species in 1859.
Marr then traces the development of Darwin's idea as it spread around the world and finds a range of influences that Darwin could never have imagined: from the existential philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche to the battlefields of the First World War; from the Freudian psychoanalyst's couch to the Vatican; from the genetic logic of kindness to an Islamic creationist's claim that Darwin is to blame for modern terrorism. Darwin's dangerous idea is as influential and challenging today as it was 150 years ago.
THU 21:00 Mercury Prize (b0bkfrsv)
Hyundai Mercury Prize 2018: Album of the Year Live
Coverage of this year's prestigious music awards ceremony from the Eventim Apollo in Hammersmith, London. Making her debut as host is DJ, BBC Radio 1 presenter and former Mercury Prize judge Annie Mac.
Each year, a highly regarded panel of artists, broadcasters, and music industry heavyweights shortlist what they believe to be the best albums of the year. As ever, the shortlist reflects the current eclectic music scene in the UK and this show recognises all of the shortlisted albums through special performances, culminating in the live announcement of this year's winner.
Albums range from Who Built the Moon? by rock 'n' roll legend Noel Gallagher with his High Flying Birds; the soulful debut Lost & Found from Walsall's Jorja Smith; intergalactic opus Tranquillity Base Hotel & Casino by previous winners Arctic Monkeys; self-released album Novelist Guy, the debut from south London grime MC Novelist; and High as Hope, the fourth offering from ethereal songstress Florence + the Machine.
Concluding the list are albums by Manchester's indie pop quartet Everything Everything; south London's understated and unsettling Archie Marshall aka King Krule; record company boss and producer Richard Russell's star-studded impromptu collective Everything Is Recorded; South Tyneside's passionate singer-songwriter Nadine Shah; jazz four-piece Sons of Kemet, led by sax maestro Shabaka Hutchings; plus festival favourites Wolf Alice and, completing the list, the pop queen who wears her heart on her sleeve through her confessional songs - Lily Allen.
THU 22:15 Hidden Killers (b07chyly)
The Post-War Home
Dr Suzannah Lipscomb explores the time when British people embraced modern design for the first time after years of austerity and self-denial. The look and feel of the postwar 1950s home - a 'modern' world of moulded plywood furniture, fibreglass, plastics and polyester - had its roots in the innovative materials discovered during World War II. In fact, no other war before or since has had such a profound effect on the technologies of our current life. This bright new era encompassed a host of social changes including higher living standards and improved technologies, but - as Suzannah discovers - there were also unexpected dangers lurking throughout the changing home.
THU 23:15 Timeshift (b08lvtz6)
Blazes and Brigades: The Story of the Fire Service
Timeshift looks back on nearly two centuries of British firefighting, and explores how major incidents and the evolution of equipment from manual pumps to motorised fire engines have helped forge the modern fire service.
The founding father of modern firefighting was Scotsman James Braidwood, whose pioneering techniques helped save Westminster Hall when the Houses of Parliament were consumed by fire in 1834. Remarkably, London had no publicly funded fire service at the time - and it was only after Braidwood's death tackling a warehouse blaze nearly 30 years later that the Metropolitan Fire Brigade was created.
The fireman soon became an iconic figure of heroism in Victorian painting and popular literature - but the provision of fire brigades and the standard of their equipment varied widely across the country. Motorised fire engines were available from the beginning of the 20th century, but it took the arrival of World War Two for the fire service to be organised on a national footing. Professional and volunteer firefighters worked side by side to tackle the devastating incendiary bombs dropped on British cities by the Nazis. Doug Lightning, the last surviving firefighter of the Sheffield Blitz in December 1940, recalls his own experience of helping to save key buildings during the attack.
In the post-war years, improvements to the fire service saw the introduction of new equipment, including the state-of-the art Dennis F7 fire engine - we take one of the last surviving examples back on the road in Manchester. Firemen were also called on to help with non-fire-related disasters. Interviewee Brian Sadd recalls the exploits of his father Fred during the floods that hit the east coast of England in 1953. Fred rescued 27 people, was awarded the George Medal and became the star of a comic strip in The Eagle.
A series of tragic incidents in the 1960s raised awareness of the importance not just of tackling blazes but of fire prevention. However, Britain was unprepared for the record hot summer of 1976, when a series of fires swept through the countryside. We speak to Mary-Joy Langdon, who in volunteering to help became Britain's first female firefighter, heralding changes to what was once seen very much as a man's job.
But the service wasn't immune to the industrial unrest of the decade. 1977 saw once tight-knit teams divided by the first national firefighters' strike, the film explores the media and public reaction to this unprecedented event. With the strike resolved, technology and equipment continued to improve in the 1980s, spurred on by a series of high-profile tragedies, culminating in the King's Cross underground station fire of November 1987, in which 31 people lost their lives, including one of the first firemen on the scene.
The King's Cross disaster led to a further overhaul of fire safety regulations. Today there are more than 50 regional fire services in the UK, dealing with nearly 2,000 call-outs a day. Increasingly, fewer of these are to actual fires. Firefighters respond to a range of incidents from road traffic accidents to terrorist attacks and natural disasters, and in recognition of this, in 2004 the service was officially renamed the Fire and Rescue Service.
THU 00:15 Horizon (b00nslc4)
Who Is Afraid of a Big Black Hole?
Black holes are one of the most destructive forces in the universe, capable of tearing a planet apart and swallowing an entire star. Yet scientists now believe they could hold the key to answering the ultimate question: what was there before the big bang?
The trouble is that researching black holes is next to impossible. They are by definition invisible and there is no scientific theory able to explain them. Horizon meets the astronomers and theoretical physicists who, despite these obvious obstacles, are attempting to image a black hole for the very first time and get ever closer to unlocking its mysteries. It is a story that goes into the heart of a black hole and to the very edge of what is thought to be known about the universe.
THU 01:15 Ben Building: Mussolini, Monuments and Modernism (b07d7nj9)
Having previously investigated the architecture of Hitler and Stalin's regimes, Jonathan Meades turns his attention to another notorious 20th-century European dictator, Mussolini.
His travels take him to Rome, Milan, Genoa, the new town of Sabaudia and the vast military memorials of Redipuglia and Monte Grappa.
When it comes to the buildings of the fascist era, Meades discovers a dictator who couldn't dictate, with Mussolini caught between the contending forces of modernism and a revivalism that harked back to ancient Rome. The result was a variety of styles that still influence architecture today.
Along the way, Meades ponders on the nature of fascism, the influence of the Futurists, and Mussolini's love of a fancy uniform.
THU 02:45 Andrew Marr on Darwin's Dangerous Idea (b00j0c54)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:00 today
FRIDAY 21 SEPTEMBER 2018
FRI 19:00 World News Today (b0bl27my)
LIST OF THIS WEEK'S PROGRAMMES
The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.
FRI 19:30 Top of the Pops (b0bl26sm)
Janice Long and Dixie Peach present the pop chart programme, first broadcast on 24 April 1986. Featuring The S.O.S Band, The Grange Hill Cast, Aurra, George Michael, Madonna and Queen.
FRI 20:00 Gregory Porter's Popular Voices (p05d3p0d)
Gregory Porter explores 100 years of voices on the brink, those that go one note higher, turn it up to eleven and make the hairs on the back of your neck stand on end.
Starting with the world's first pop star, the legendary Italian tenor Enrico Caruso, Gregory explores the sound and work of his favourite vocal showstoppers - the genius of Ella Fitzgerald, the soul of Mahalia Jackson, the power and stagecraft of Freddie Mercury, the artistry and extravagance of Prince, and the modern melisma of Whitney Houston and Mariah Carey. With Dave Grohl, Beck, Adam Lambert, Wendy & Lisa.
FRI 21:00 Kenny Rogers: Cards on the Table (b04pl3kw)
Examining the life and career of the artist who 'knows when to hold 'em and knows when to fold 'em', this documentary chronicles Kenny Rogers's remarkable rise to the top of his game and the golden era of country music he ushered in.
With an exclusive, candid interview from Rogers himself and performance footage gathered on his recent Through the Years tour, this honest and eye-opening film provides a backstage pass to a remarkable 50-year career of performing and recording.
Associates and luminaries provide personal insight into how the poor, music-obsessed boy from Houston, Texas went on to become a superstar with over 120 million albums sold worldwide. Singer, songwriter and producer Kim Carnes recalls how the New Christy Minstrels folk group - of which she and Kenny were members in the late 1960s - was like a 'school on the road' that provided them both with a springboard from which to explore other musical ambitions. Actor and musician Mickey Jones recounts his time with Kenny in the band The First Edition, whose hit single Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition Was In) made Kenny an unlikely poster boy for the psychedelic generation. Longtime friend Lionel Richie reveals how a trip to the bathroom played a crucial role in the recording session for Lady, one of Kenny's biggest hits.
Away from music, the programme reveals how Kenny's drive and ambition - what he describes as his 'impulsive-obsessive' nature - led to success in other fields: according to the renowned photographer John Sexton, the country music legend was determined to master the art of photography (Kenny was recently awarded an honorary Master of Photography degree by the Professional Photographers Association).
For over half a century, Kenny has kept us entertained with some of the best-known and best-loved music ever recorded. With a career spanning everything from jazz to folk, 60s psychedelia to R&B, perhaps his real legacy lies in the fact that he introduced a trailblazing pop sensibility to country music.
FRI 22:00 Can You Feel It - How Dance Music Conquered the World (b0bkz064)
House music is now one of the most popular music genres on the planet. The charts are packed with 4/4 tunes made or remixed by superstar DJs. The irresistible and relentless groove of the dance floor fills clubs and stadiums, themes the biggest TV shows and is the soundtrack to mega advertising. You can't escape the beat. But how did we get here?
In the first episode we follow the 4/4 beat from its disco origins through remix culture to house, techno, acid house and the current EDM explosion.
With contributions from disco legends Nicky Siano and Tom Moulton, house pioneers like Marshall Jefferson, Farley 'Jackmaster' Funk and Steve 'Silk' Hurley, Detroit techno inventors Juan Atkins, Kevin Saunderson and Derrick May and modern DJ superstars such as Pete Tong and David Guetta.
FRI 23:00 Tales from the Tour Bus: Rock 'n' Roll on the Road (b05rjc9c)
Rock legend and tour bus aficionado Rick Wakeman takes us on a time-travelling trip through the decades in this first-hand account of rockers on the road from the late 1950s to the 80s and beyond.
It's an often bumpy and sometimes sleepless ride down the A roads and motorways of the UK during the golden age of rock 'n' roll touring - a secret history of transport cafes, transit vans, B&Bs, sleepless roadies and of loved ones left at home or, on one occasion, by the roadside. And it's also a secret history of audiences both good and bad, and the gigs themselves - from the early variety package to the head clubs, the stadiums and the pubs.
This is life in the British fast lane as told by Rick and the bands themselves, a film about the very lifeblood of the rock 'n' roll wagon train. With members of Dr Feelgood, Suzi Quatro, The Shadows, The Pretty Things, Fairport Convention, Happy Mondays, Aswad, Girlschool, The Damned and many more.
FRI 00:00 Top of the Pops (b0bl26sm)
[Repeat of broadcast at 19:30 today
FRI 00:30 Music Moguls: Masters of Pop (p039x5f7)
Part three of this illuminating series exploring the music business from behind the scenes takes a look at PR, the unseen force behind all the biggest musical acts in the world. With unique revelations, unseen footage and unrivalled access, it tells the story of the rise of PR within the music industry through the eyes of the people who lived it. Highlights include the PR campaigns behind superstars Jimi Hendrix, Taylor Swift and David Bowie.
Narrated by PR Alan Edwards.
FRI 01:30 The Byrd Who Flew Alone: The Triumphs and Tragedy of Gene Clark (b03tdd6k)
Bob Dylan described Missouri-born country boy Gene Clark as one of the three best songwriters in the world. He was the original frontman for one of the most iconic and influential bands of the 60s. After his abrupt departure from the Byrds at the peak of their popularity, he made records that are still regarded as classics. And he was one of the great pioneers of both folk rock and country rock. Yet, as far as the public is concerned, Clark is largely unknown and his reputation lags far behind that of peers such as Gram Parsons.
Since his death in 1991 at the age of 46, his songs have been covered by artists ranging from Robert Plant to Yo La Tengo and he has been hailed as a key influence by successive generations of musicians such as Tom Petty, Primal Scream and Fleet Foxes, despite some of his albums having been unavailable for long periods, and only now all available again.
This documentary explores the mystery of why this richly talented but deeply enigmatic and often self-destructive man failed to enjoy the success his work deserved. Drawing on interviews with his family, friends and fellow musicians including fellow Byrds David Crosby and Roger McGuinn, a wealth of great music from the four-decade span of his career and previously unseen archive material, it is a story that is both compelling and moving, veering between moments of magic and moments of madness.
The film was made by a father and sons team - Paul, Jack and Dan Kendall - as a labour of love which took them right across America in search of the people and places that were part of Gene Clark's life.
FRI 03:00 Gregory Porter's Popular Voices (p05d3p0d)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:00 today
(Note: the times link back to the details; the pids link to the BBC page, including iPlayer)
A Very British Airline 00:00 WED (p01yyhgg)
A Very British Romance with Lucy Worsley 20:00 TUE (b06gxzkj)
A Very British Romance with Lucy Worsley 03:00 TUE (b06gxzkj)
Andrew Marr on Darwin's Dangerous Idea 20:00 THU (b00j0c54)
Andrew Marr on Darwin's Dangerous Idea 02:45 THU (b00j0c54)
Arena 22:50 WED (b00dn7hf)
BBC Proms 19:00 SUN (b0bkvxkl)
Ben Building: Mussolini, Monuments and Modernism 01:15 THU (b07d7nj9)
Beyond 100 Days 19:00 MON (b0bky8fy)
Beyond 100 Days 19:00 TUE (b0bky9sp)
Beyond 100 Days 19:00 WED (b0bkybl2)
Beyond 100 Days 19:00 THU (b0bkykzt)
Biggest Band Break Ups and Make Ups 23:30 SAT (b05q472d)
British Sitcom: 60 Years of Laughing at Ourselves 22:30 SAT (b07vxlnl)
Can You Feel It - How Dance Music Conquered the World 22:00 FRI (b0bkz064)
Gregory Porter's Popular Voices 20:00 FRI (p05d3p0d)
Gregory Porter's Popular Voices 03:00 FRI (p05d3p0d)
Handmade in the Pacific 22:00 MON (b0bkyt27)
Handmade in the Pacific 02:00 WED (b0bkyt27)
Hidden Histories: Britain's Oldest Family Businesses 23:00 TUE (b03qlp97)
Hidden Killers 22:15 THU (b07chyly)
Horizon 21:00 TUE (b07z8034)
Horizon 02:00 TUE (b07z8034)
Horizon 00:15 THU (b00nslc4)
How the Wild West Was Won with Ray Mears 20:00 WED (b044z1k0)
How the Wild West Was Won with Ray Mears 02:30 WED (b044z1k0)
Ian Hislop's Olden Days 21:00 WED (b041dqp3)
James May's Cars of the People 21:00 SUN (b0467lbp)
James May's Cars of the People 02:40 SUN (b0467lbp)
Kenny Rogers: Cards on the Table 21:00 FRI (b04pl3kw)
Lost Land of the Tiger 20:00 SAT (b00ty6s4)
Lost Land of the Tiger 02:05 SAT (b00ty6s4)
Mercury Prize 21:00 THU (b0bkfrsv)
Music Moguls: Masters of Pop 00:30 FRI (p039x5f7)
National Treasures of Wales 19:30 MON (b04n99gt)
National Treasures of Wales 19:30 TUE (b04nz0mn)
National Treasures of Wales 19:30 WED (b04pgc2y)
National Treasures of Wales 19:30 THU (b04q1h03)
Oceans Apart: Art and the Pacific with James Fox 21:00 MON (b0bkytn4)
Oceans Apart: Art and the Pacific with James Fox 03:00 MON (b0bkytn4)
Pappano's Classical Voices 00:40 SUN (b061f4gb)
Patrick Kielty's Mulholland Drive 22:00 WED (b06wy729)
Queen Victoria's Letters: A Monarch Unveiled 23:00 WED (b04pl2mn)
Romancing the Stone: The Golden Ages of British Sculpture 23:00 MON (b00yml9v)
Secrets of our Living Planet 19:00 SAT (b01klx6p)
Secrets of our Living Planet 01:05 SAT (b01klx6p)
South Pacific 20:00 MON (b00kmv11)
Storyville 22:00 SUN (b062mbng)
Tales from the National Parks 00:00 TUE (b016psp6)
Tales from the Tour Bus: Rock 'n' Roll on the Road 23:00 FRI (b05rjc9c)
Tate Liverpool at 30 20:30 SUN (b0bfq8jm)
The Brecon Beacons with Iolo Williams 22:30 MON (b06wyxfx)
The Byrd Who Flew Alone: The Triumphs and Tragedy of Gene Clark 01:30 FRI (b03tdd6k)
The Joy of Data 02:00 MON (b07lk6tj)
The Last Explorers 23:40 SUN (b017sp66)
The Plague 21:00 SAT (b0bl1yxj)
The Plague 21:40 SAT (b0bl1zvn)
The Silent War 22:00 TUE (b03lb1fn)
The Story of Scottish Art 01:00 MON (b06myf12)
Timeshift 00:00 MON (p0287mq6)
Timeshift 23:15 THU (b08lvtz6)
Top of the Pops 00:30 SAT (b0bk8y65)
Top of the Pops 19:30 FRI (b0bl26sm)
Top of the Pops 00:00 FRI (b0bl26sm)
War at Sea: Scotland's Story 01:00 TUE (b05qqhcn)
War at Sea: Scotland's Story 01:00 WED (b05rbnrk)
Whoever Heard of a Black Artist? Britain's Hidden Art History 01:40 SUN (b0bcy4kd)
World News Today 19:00 FRI (b0bl27my)