Britain's National Health Service celebrates its sixtieth birthday on 5 July this year. Serving over one and a half million patients and their families every day, the NHS is the biggest service of its kind in the world. It is universally regarded as a national treasure - the most remarkable achievement of post war Britain.
Yet, surprisingly, the National Health Service very nearly did not happen at all. In the months leading to its launch it was bitterly opposed - by the Tory Party and the national press. But its most vicious and vocal opponents were the very people its existence depended on - surgeons, nurses, dentists and Britain's 20,000 doctors. To get the NHS at all required the persistence and determination of one man - Nye Bevan, Labour's minister of health.
This film tells the extraordinary story of the six months leading up to its traumatic birth.
Greg Dyke takes a bus tour through the Welsh Valleys and the life of Labour politician Aneurin Bevan, pronouncing him 'one of the outstanding men of the 20th Century'.
In 1945, Bevan simultaneously launched the National Health Service and set about rebuilding a bomb-damaged Britain, in one of the most remarkable double acts a politician has ever been asked to achieve.
Dyke visits the coalmines where Bevan began to hew coal at the age of 13 and explores the Tredegar Medical Aid Society, which was the blueprint for the NHS.
He also reveals the close friendship between Bevan and the black American civil rights campaigner and world-renowned opera singer Paul Robeson.
Drama in which two 18-year-old Israeli girls, Smadar and Mirit, are thrown together as part of their compulsory military service in Jerusalem. Against the backdrop of political and religious turmoil and violence they try to do what comes naturally to them - have fun, meet boys and squabble with each other. But when they're out on patrol in Jerusalem, the harsher realities of life inevitably intrude.
A look at the history of doctors on celluloid, from being shown as dedicated professionals in pre-war films like The Citadel and Young Doctor Kildare to less reverent portrayals in the Carry Ons. Nowadays doctors are as likely to be the film villains as the heroes, while TV has claimed the high ground. So have the times changed the movie doctor or have the movies themselves contributed to this loss of faith?
The story of the generation of doctors who came from the Indian subcontinent to become the hidden heroes who have provided the backbone of the NHS for the last 40 years. Despite enduring years of discrimination, they fulfilled Britain's health needs and carved successful careers that took them to the heart of the British medical establishment. Now, as they collectively reach retirement age, Britain faces a crisis in healthcare.
THURSDAY 25 SEPTEMBER 2008
THU 19:00 World News Today (b00dn9mj)
The latest news from around the world.
THU 19:30 Fossil Detectives (b00dn9ml)
East of England
Series in which Open University associate lecturer Hermione Cockburn leads a team of fossil experts and geologists around different regions of Britain to search for its best fossil treasures and mysteries.
In the east of England, the team go on a fossil hunting challenge on Hunstanton beach and find out how fossils can be discovered right on your doorstep.
They discover the story behind the world's most complete and largest mammoth skeleton, uncovered at West Runton; the scientific answers revealed by the biggest fish that ever lived, discovered on the outskirts of Peterborough; and how fossils can reveal past climates.
THU 20:00 Arena (b00dqv1x)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:50 on Sunday
THU 20:10 The Avengers (b0074s65)
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Station
Steed goes off the rails and Mrs Peel discovers her station in life as they confront a plot to kill the prime minister by detonating a bomb on his private train.
THU 21:00 Casualty 1907 (b009x109)
Drama that uses case notes, ward reports, autopsy records and diaries from 1907 to bring doctors, nurses and patients at the Royal London Hospital back to life. With the hospital facing imminent financial collapse, chairman Sydney Holland launches an inspired campaign to raise money. The cost of building the modern city is revealed when workers on the new Rotherhithe Tunnel are admitted with agonising diver's bends. Ethel, working in the receiving room, contracts scarlet fever from a patient.
THU 22:00 Greg Dyke on Nye Bevan (b00dn9hl)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:00 on Wednesday
THU 23:00 BBC Four Sessions (b0074mx5)
Martin Carthy and Friends
Recorded at Islington's Union Chapel, this concert brings together English folk legend Martin Carthy and some of his most important collaborators - including wife Norma and daughter Eliza, known collectively as Waterson-Carthy. Fiddling partner Dave Swarbrick, who joined Fairport Convention in the late 1960s, also features, as does extraordinary brass band Brass Monkey.
THU 00:00 BBC Four Sessions (b0074nzn)
Folk star Eliza Carthy in concert at the Union Chapel in London. The set includes songs from her album Angelicana, nominated for Album of the Year at the Radio 3 Awards for World Music.
Carthy often takes liberties with people's preconceptions about folk music, pushing the boundaries with style, dynamism and flair. Daughter of British folk golden couple, Martin Carthy and Norma Waterson, she has almost single-handledly invigorated, revitalised and made folk music revelant to younger audiences.
THU 01:00 Fossil Detectives (b00dn9ml)
[Repeat of broadcast at 19:30 today
THU 01:30 Journeys from the Centre of the Earth (b0074qqp)
Geologist Dr Iain Stewart presents a series showing how the rocks beneath our feet have shaped human history.
He takes us on a tour of the Mediterranean to show how salt is central to its history, playing a crucial role in everything from the existence of ice ages to the preservation of food and dead bodies in ancient Egypt.
His whistle-stop tour takes in many tourist destinations in Egypt, Venice and Sicily, but he provides a unique geologist's insight which can't be found in the guide books.
THU 02:30 Fossil Detectives (b00dn9ml)
[Repeat of broadcast at 19:30 today
THU 03:00 Greg Dyke on Nye Bevan (b00dn9hl)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:00 on Wednesday
FRIDAY 26 SEPTEMBER 2008
FRI 19:00 World News Today (b00dnbcq)
LIST OF THIS WEEK'S PROGRAMMES
The latest news from around the world.
FRI 19:30 Jacqueline du Pre and the Elgar Cello Concerto (b00dqcrd)
Director Christopher Nupen's intimate portrait of cellist Jacqueline du Pre and her legendary performance of Elgar's Cello Concerto.
One of the finest musicians that Britain has ever produced, her career was cut tragically short by multiple sclerosis when she was 28 and she died in 1987 at the age of 41. The film begins with an account of her activities after the onset of her illness and includes, at her request, a re-edited version of the film which Nupen made with her in 1967. It outlines her childhood, her first steps in music, her studies with William Pleeth, her meteoric career and her meeting with and marriage to Daniel Barenboim.
It ends with the performance of the Elgar Cello Concerto with the Philharmonia Orchestra conducted by Daniel Barenboim, one that has already passed into legend.
FRI 20:40 Cambridge Folk Festival (b00d6mqw)
The Imagined Village
Mark Radcliffe presents coverage of the Cambridge Folk Festival, featuring the top artists from the world of folk, roots and acoustic music, either live in concert from the main stage or in exclusive backstage performances.
The Imagined Village is a multicultural project spearheaded by Simon Emmerson and including Martin Carthy, Eliza Carthy, Billy Bragg, Sheila Chandra, Johnny Kalsi, Chris Wood, Francis Hylton, Andy Gangageen, Sheema Mukherjee, Barney Morse Brown and the Young Coppers.
Taking the English tradition and interweaving contemporary sounds and voices, it explores Simon's assertion that 'Englishness is the final frontier of world music'.
The programme features electric performances from the Imagined Village's headline set at the festival, including their signature song Cold Haily Rainy Night and Hard Times Of Old England Retold.
In conversation with Mark Radcliffe key protaganists of the project Simon Emmerson, Martin Carthy, Billy Bragg and contributor poet Benjamin Zephaniah explain and explore the genesis, power and aspiration of this impressive project.
FRI 21:10 David Gilmour Live at Gdansk (b00dnbcx)
David Gilmour, the guitar and voice of Pink Floyd, plays live to 50,000 people against the historical backdrop of the Gdansk shipyards in Poland, to celebrate the 26th anniversary of the Solidarity movement.
Gilmour and his band, featuring Floyd's Rick Wright and Roxy Music's Phil Manzanera, perform a mixture from Gilmour's On An Island album and Floyd songs including Wish You Were Here and Comfortably Numb. The band are backed by the string section of the Baltic Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra.
FRI 22:10 David Gilmour: Gdansk Diary (b00dnbcv)
Documentary snapshot of the band and production crew preparing for and then and delivering David Gilmour's unique concert in the Gdansk shipyard in August, 2006. The film portrays the contextual drama of the urban landscape of the shipyard and shows Gilmour meeting Lech Walesa, the former Polish president and co-founder of Solidarity, as they lay a wreath at the Monument to the Fallen Workers at the shipyards.
FRI 22:40 The Pink Floyd Story: Which One's Pink? (b008hs1m)
Over 40 years after Britain's foremost 'underground' band released their debut album Piper at the Gates of Dawn, Pink Floyd remain one of the biggest brand names and best-loved bands in the world.
This film features extended archive, some of it rarely or never seen before, alongside original interviews with four members of Pink Floyd - David Gilmour, Roger Waters, Nick Mason and the late Richard Wright - and traces the journey of a band that has only ever had five members, three of whom have led the band at different stages of its evolution.
Tracing the band's history from psychedelic 60s London to their reunion appearance at Live 8 in 2005, this is the story of a succession of musical and commercial peaks separated by a succession of struggles around the creative leadership of the band. Their story was given added poignancy by the 2006 death of their estranged frontman, Syd Barrett.
Pink Floyd spearheaded the concept album, never sold themselves as personalities and expanded rock way beyond its three minute pop song beginnings. Pink Floyd has made the four members very rich and has consumed their creative lives, but it hasn't always made them friends. When first meeting their American record company, one of the executives apocryphally asked, "Which one's Pink?". This film traces the reverberations of that question throughout the band's history.
First led by the innovative singer, songwriter and guitarist Syd Barrett, Pink Floyd were at the forefront of Britain's psychedelic era. After putting the band on the map with hits like Arnold Layne and See Emily Play, Barrett drifted out of the band after experimenting with LSD.
The three remaining members added Barrett's old Cambridge friend David Gilmour to the band on guitar and functioned as a communal unit while creating extended sonic explorations on albums like Atom Heart Mother and Echoes. While creating ever larger and more visually ambitious stage shows, the band personally shunned the limelight, taking the stage as four shadowy figures and never appearing on their album covers.
Gradually Roger Waters emerged as the band's key songwriter, creating those massive selling concept albums of the mid-70s, Dark Side of the Moon and The Wall, two of the biggest-selling and boldest albums of all time. But Waters's desire to control the band and the increasing passivity of the others eventually left to him leaving the band and the name after 1983's The Final Cut album.
David Gilmour eventually assumed control of the band, producing two globally-successful Pink Floyd albums, A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987) and The Division Bell (1994), with the help of Nick Mason and Rick Wright. Meanwhile, Waters conducted a less commercially-successful solo career.
As a result of Bob Geldof's pleading, David Gilmour, Rick Wright and Nick Mason reunited with Roger Waters for one time only for 2005's Live 8, playing together for the first time in approximately 25 years.
Whether Pink Floyd will ever record or perform again with or without Roger Waters remains unclear.
FRI 23:40 Life on Mars (b0074sgm)
Drama series about a Manchester detective who suffers a near-fatal car crash and wakes up in what seems to be 1973.
Sam is finally accepting of this world, until he comes face to face with his 29-year-old dad, Vic Tyler. Vic is a small time gambler who unwittingly finds himself at the centre of a murder enquiry. Gene is convinced that Vic is his link to nailing a new crime syndicate and is prepared to put Vic's life on the line to get to them.
As Sam moves to protect his own father he embarks upon an emotional journey as he pieces together a childhood memory and finally uncovers the truth about his father, a truth that will change him forever.
FRI 01:30 David Gilmour Live at Gdansk (b00dnbcx)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:10 today
FRI 02:30 David Gilmour: Gdansk Diary (b00dnbcv)
[Repeat of broadcast at 22:10 today
FRI 03:00 The Pink Floyd Story: Which One's Pink? (b008hs1m)
[Repeat of broadcast at 22:40 today
(Note: the times link back to the details; the pids link to the BBC page, including iPlayer)
Alistair Cooke: Postcards from America 19:00 SAT (b0074nn6)
Alistair Cooke: Postcards from America 03:35 SAT (b0074nn6)
Arena 19:30 SUN (b00dn7hc)
Arena 19:50 SUN (b00dn7hf)
Arena 20:50 SUN (b00dqv1x)
Arena 21:50 SUN (b00dqv1z)
Arena 01:30 SUN (b00dn7hc)
Arena 01:50 SUN (b00dn7hf)
Arena 02:00 SUN (b00dqv1x)
Arena 02:10 SUN (b00dqv1z)
Arena 19:30 WED (b00dn7hf)
Arena 20:00 THU (b00dqv1x)
BBC Four Sessions 23:00 THU (b0074mx5)
BBC Four Sessions 00:00 THU (b0074nzn)
Black Power Salute 02:15 MON (b00cgxbc)
Born to Be Wild 19:30 TUE (b00ccfft)
Cambridge Folk Festival 20:40 FRI (b00d6mqw)
Casualty 1907 21:00 THU (b009x109)
Close to Home 22:00 WED (b00dqjpx)
David Gilmour Live at Gdansk 21:10 FRI (b00dnbcx)
David Gilmour Live at Gdansk 01:30 FRI (b00dnbcx)
David Gilmour: Gdansk Diary 22:10 FRI (b00dnbcv)
David Gilmour: Gdansk Diary 02:30 FRI (b00dnbcv)
Dinner with Portillo 19:30 MON (b00djm6s)
Dinner with Portillo 03:45 MON (b00djm6s)
Flight of the Conchords 21:30 TUE (b0081m93)
Flight of the Conchords 03:25 TUE (b0081m93)
Fossil Detectives 19:00 SUN (b00djmrx)
Fossil Detectives 01:00 SUN (b00djmrx)
Fossil Detectives 19:30 THU (b00dn9ml)
Fossil Detectives 01:00 THU (b00dn9ml)
Fossil Detectives 02:30 THU (b00dn9ml)
Greg Dyke on Nye Bevan 21:00 WED (b00dn9hl)
Greg Dyke on Nye Bevan 01:15 WED (b00dn9hl)
Greg Dyke on Nye Bevan 22:00 THU (b00dn9hl)
Greg Dyke on Nye Bevan 03:00 THU (b00dn9hl)
Incredible Animal Journeys 22:00 SUN (b0079430)
Jacqueline du Pre and the Elgar Cello Concerto 19:30 FRI (b00dqcrd)
Journeys from the Centre of the Earth 01:30 THU (b0074qqp)
Kenneth Tynan: In Praise of Hardcore 22:30 TUE (b0074r3v)
Kenneth Tynan: In Praise of Hardcore 01:40 TUE (b0074r3v)
Life on Mars 23:40 FRI (b0074sgm)
Natural World 20:00 SUN (b00dn7hh)
Only Connect 20:30 MON (b00dn8cy)
Only Connect 03:15 MON (b00dn8cy)
Only Connect 22:00 TUE (b00dn8cy)
Only Connect 01:10 TUE (b00dn8cy)
Only Connect 02:55 TUE (b00dn8cy)
President Hollywood 23:00 SUN (b00djm6q)
President Hollywood 02:20 SUN (b00djm6q)
Storyville 21:00 SAT (b00dn76v)
Storyville 01:15 SAT (b00dn76v)
Storyville 21:00 MON (b00dn8d0)
Storyville 22:30 MON (b007mwqm)
Storyville 00:20 MON (b0074qzp)
Storyville 23:45 TUE (b00dn8d0)
That Mitchell and Webb Look 21:00 TUE (b0074fyh)
The Avengers 20:10 THU (b0074s65)
The Cinema Show 23:35 WED (b0082h4c)
The NHS: A Difficult Beginning 19:40 WED (b00cjn9y)
The NHS: A Difficult Beginning 02:15 WED (b00cjn9y)
The Name of the Rose 22:20 SAT (b00dwn6b)
The Pink Floyd Story: Which One's Pink? 22:40 FRI (b008hs1m)
The Pink Floyd Story: Which One's Pink? 03:00 FRI (b008hs1m)
The Rock 'n' Roll Years 20:00 MON (b0074q9s)
The Roxy Music Story 00:25 SAT (b00djn0s)
The Unseen Alistair Cooke 20:00 SAT (b00cl5v2)
The Unseen Alistair Cooke 02:35 SAT (b00cl5v2)
Timeshift 00:00 SUN (b00djlz9)
Timeshift 03:20 SUN (b00djlz9)
Timeshift 00:35 WED (b0074pqt)
Wild China 20:00 TUE (b00c5n6g)
Wildlife Special 21:00 SUN (b00dn7hk)
World News Today 19:00 MON (b00dn8cw)
World News Today 19:00 TUE (b00dn8f1)
World News Today 19:00 WED (b00dn9hj)
World News Today 19:00 THU (b00dn9mj)
World News Today 19:00 FRI (b00dnbcq)