SAT 19:00 Legends (b00fzv3y)
Roy Orbison - The 'Big O' in Britain

Roy Orbison was the best singer in the world. That's what Elvis Presley said, and he should know.

To mark the 20th anniversary of Orbison's death, this programme celebrates the extraordinary talent of 'The Big O' and his relationship with his most loyal and enduring fans, British musicians and the British public. Through a combination of interview and archive, it charts Orbison's career in Britain, from the sell-out tour with the Beatles that sky-rocketed him to international superstardom, right up to the collaboration with lifelong friend George Harrison on the Travelling Wilburys project in the late 1980s. Effortlessly cool, musically sophisticated, Orbison was a rock and roll legend, whose legacy continues to captivate both the listeners and performers of today.

SAT 20:00 Japan in Colour: The Wonderful World of Albert Kahn (b00jdvv1)
In 1908, the French banker and philanthropist Albert Kahn launched one of the most ambitious projects in the history of photography. A pacifist, internationalist and utopian idealist, Kahn decided to use his private fortune to improve understanding between the nations of the world. To this end, he created what he called his Archive of the Planet. For the next two decades, he dispatched professional photographers to document the everyday lives of people in more than 50 countries all around the world. Kahn's wealth enabled him to supply his photographers with the most advanced camera technology available. They used the autochrome - the first user-friendly camera system capable of producing true-colour photographs.

Some of the most important of all the 72,000 colour images in Kahn's Archive were shot during three separate visits (in 1908, 1912 and 1926) to Japan. As an international financier, Kahn had established a network of contacts that included some of the most prominent members of Japan's business, banking and political elites. Consequently, Kahn's photographers were granted privileged access to places that would have otherwise been off limits - including some of the royal palaces, where they shot colour portraits of the princes and princesses from Japan's Imperial family. But some of their most fascinating images capture moments from the lives of ordinary Japanese people at work and play. This film showcases Kahn's treasury of films and autochromes of silk-farmers, Shinto monks, schoolchildren, porcelain merchants, Kabuki stars and geishas - pictures that were recorded at a time when this fascinating country was going through momentous changes.

SAT 21:00 Secret Wilderness - Japan (b00jhxhf)
Episode 1

Ten years ago writer, naturalist and explorer Steve Backshall spent a year living and working in Japan. Studying martial arts and learning the language, he immersed himself in the culture but rarely ventured out of the city.

Now he's returned to take us on a journey to explore the wilder side of this incredible country.

In this episode, Steve experiences Japan's most iconic wildlife spectacle - the dancing of the Red Crowned Cranes, and ventures south to find the elusive Giant Salamander.

SAT 21:10 Great Railway Journeys (b0074pg3)
Series 4

Tokyo to Kagoshima

BBC foreign correspondent Fergal Keane travels through Japan, beginning his journey on the businessman's bullet train in Tokyo, where he receives earthquake training and lessons in Japanese etiquette.

During his journey through the countryside, he discovers Japan's spiritual life in gardens of silent contemplation, practises poetry at a haiku workshop, climbs a volcano, and visits a shrine to kamikaze pilots.

SAT 22:00 In Search of Wabi Sabi with Marcel Theroux (b00j8bkc)
Full Length

British novelist Marcel Theroux is fascinated by Wabi Sabi, a theory of Japanese aesthetics in which imperfection and transience are the touchstone of beauty.

The Japanese say that if you can understand Wabi Sabi, you will understand Japan and the Japanese. Yet at the same time they have immense difficulty in explaining the concept themselves, so Marcel travels across Japan, from Tokyo to Kyoto and then on to the mountains of Fukui, trying to unravel the meaning of this baffling concept that is at the heart of what makes the Japanese tick.

It is a challenging, funny and ultimately moving journey that starts under the bright neon lights and craziness of Tokyo and ends in an austere Zen Temple in the snowy foothills of Japan's eastern mountains.

SAT 23:30 The Hidden Blade (b008njlr)
Drama set in 1860s Japan. A warrior leaves his clan in the care of two other samurai after he answers a request for his services in another town. They do their best to protect the family when they come under attack during a rebellion in which their friend is implicated.

SAT 01:40 BBC Proms (b00cp377)

Prom 6: Messiaen and Saint-Saens

To mark the 100th anniversary of Olivier Messiaen's birth, Charles Hazlewood introduces a concert in which organist Olivier Latry performs Messiaen's solo work L'Ascension and the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, under conductor Myung-Whun Chung, perform the monumental Et exspecto resurrectionem mortuorum. The concert concludes with Camille Saint-Saens's exuberant Organ Symphony.


SUN 19:00 Baroque! - From St Peter's to St Paul's (b00j8bwk)
Episode 2

Three-part series exploring the Baroque tradition in many of its key locations. Starting in Italy and following the spread of the wildfire across Europe and beyond, art critic Waldemar Januszczak takes us on a tour of the best examples of Baroque to be found, and tells the best stories behind those works.

He follows Baroque to its dark heart in Spain, focusing on the route of the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela and featuring star painters Velasquez, Caravaggio and Zurburan. He then carries on through Belgium and Holland to discover such celebrities as Rubens and Vermeer.

SUN 20:00 The Car Show (b00j4d3d)
Documentary which explores the ways that cars have been presented on television in the motoring programmes that have tapped into our collective subconscious.

It looks at the classic motoring magazine shows of the 1960s and 70s like Wheelbase, which showcased some of the world's latest innovations and spawned the next generation of programming such as the original Top Gear with Angela Rippon and Noel Edmonds.

The film investigates how more recent motoring programmes changed to accommodate society's view of the car. The new Top Gear and shows such as Panic Mechanics and Stars in Fast Cars reflect a shift away from the traditional car review show towards a more topical, aspirational and spectacular viewing experience.

SUN 21:00 John Martyn at the BBC (b00jdw1r)
Compilation of the late folk singer-songwriter John Martyn's performances from the BBC archives, starting with the Old Grey Whistle Test in 1973 and ending with his last appearance on Later with Jools Holland in 2004, taking in May You Never and many other classic songs along the way.

Collaborators including double-bassist and touring partner Danny Thompson and sometime producer, drummer and drinking buddy Phil Collins.

SUN 22:00 John Martyn: Johnny Too Bad (b0074q8g)
BBC FOUR pays tribute to musical maverick John Martyn, who died at the age of 60 on 29th January 2009, with an intimate documentary portrait originally transmitted in 1994. This honest and often blackly hilarious film shows Martyn at home in Ireland, during the lead-up to and aftermath of an operation to have one of his legs amputated below the knee.

Contributors include sometime collaborator and buddy Phil Collins, the late Robert Palmer, Ralph McTell, Island Records founder Chris Blackwell, fellow hellraiser bassist Danny Thompson, John's ex-wife Beverley Martyn and younger generation fan Beth Orton.

We see a man incapable of compromising his creative vision, from his folk club roots in the Sixties, through a career of continuous musical experimentation. Along the way there is a surreal roll-call of accidents and incidents, including a collision with a cow.

SUN 23:00 In the Shadow of Fujisan (b00jdw1t)
The Bird of Happiness

The Japanese crane has for years been the symbol of happiness and long life - but has the living bird a future?

SUN 23:50 Storyville (b0081vpg)
Why Democracy?

Campaign! The Kawasaki Candidate

Humorous and insightful documentary in which Japanese/American filmmaker Kazuhiro Soda follows his friend Yamauchi on the campaign trail. He's been 'parachuted' in to run for the seat and has just six weeks to make an impact on the local city, but his political skills aren't quite up to the task and his political mentors become ever more worried. Things aren't looking great, but then his party leader - Prime Minister Koizumi himself - comes to town to help him out.

SUN 00:40 Baroque! - From St Peter's to St Paul's (b00j8bwk)
[Repeat of broadcast at 19:00 today]

SUN 01:40 BBC Proms (b00czjpg)

Prom 38: Barenboim and West-Eastern Divan

Sara Mohr-Pietsch introduces a concert in which Daniel Barenboim conducts the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra, originally formed as a one-off experiment in 1999 to bring together Arab and Israeli musicians, in a performance of Haydn's Sinfonia Concertante for oboe, bassoon, violin and cello, Schoenberg's Variations for Orchestra and Brahms's Symphony Number 4 in E minor.


MON 19:00 World News Today (b00jdw5f)
The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

MON 19:30 Legends (b0074rs3)
Matt Monro - The Man With The Golden Voice

Neil Pearson narrates a documentary telling the story of Matt Monro, the young Londoner born Terry Parsons who became one of the world's most popular ballad singers. The programme gives a fascinating insight into working class life and popular culture since the Second World War. Contributors include Paul Gambaccini, Don Black, George Martin, John Barry and Monro's family.

MON 20:30 The Book Quiz (b00jdw5h)
Series 3

Episode 8

Kirsty Wark presents the literary panel game. Historical novelist Philippa Gregory and pop culture writer Paul Morley fight it out against author Julie Myerson and another historical writer Antony Beevor.

MON 21:00 Fish! A Japanese Obsession (b00jdw5k)
Charles Rangeley Wilson, author, journalist and BBC 2's Accidental Angler, travels to Japan to explore the Japanese people's passionate relationship to fish.

Of all the island nations on Earth, there is, perhaps, none quite so obsessed by fish as Japan. Whether for food or entertainment, fish are at the very core of Japanese identity. From their reverential love of jewel-like koi to the seemingly barbaric world of scientific whaling via the submarine ballet of the drive hunt, there are few corners of Japanese culture that have not been shaped by reference to fish.

Trying to comprehend this 'alien' culture, Charles embarks on a six-week odyssey through Japan, determined to use his love of fish and fishing as the common point of interest between himself and those he meets along the way. Since he loves fish possibly even more than the Japanese, they must have plenty in common...

MON 22:30 Gohatto (b0074s3d)
Atmospheric period Japanese drama following the hotbed of simmering lusts and battles that erupt into violence within a Samurai militia group. When two new recruits - a low-level samurai and a young man so improbably pretty that he could easily pass for a woman - join the outfit it leads to jealous confrontations between the commander and the men.

MON 00:05 Whale Hunters (b0074mzp)
Documentary telling the inside story of the struggle between pro- and anti-whaling factions in Japan as the former attempt to restart commercial whaling after a 16-year ban.

MON 01:05 Fish! A Japanese Obsession (b00jdw5k)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:00 today]

MON 02:35 BBC Proms (b00csjz1)

Prom 14: Messiaen

As part of the Messiaen centenary celebrations, Suzy Klein introduces a Prom consisting entirely of his monumental choral work La Transfiguration de Notre Seigneur Jesus-Christ. Thierry Fischer conducts the seven instrumental soloists, BBC National Orchestra, Chorus of Wales and BBC Symphony Chorus.


TUE 19:00 World News Today (b00jf36d)
The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

TUE 19:30 Coal House (b00f3dt7)
Coal House at War

Episode 7

Three Welsh families give up their 21st-century creature comforts and travel back in time to 1944 to face the hardships of life in World War II.

The women take on a secret mission at the munitions factory, while the men struggle down the mine. Just as it seems things are looking up with a variety show, the families are brought face to face with the grim realities of war.

TUE 20:00 Darwin's Struggle: The Evolution of the Origin of Species (b00hd1mr)
Documentary telling the little-known story of how Darwin came to write his great masterpiece On the Origin of Species, a book which explains the wonderful variety of the natural world as emerging out of death and the struggle of life.

In the 20 years he took to develop a brilliant idea into a revolutionary book, Darwin went through a personal struggle every bit as turbulent as that of the natural world he observed. Fortunately, he left us an extraordinary record of his brilliant insights, observations of nature, and touching expressions of love and affection for those around him. He also wrote frank accounts of family tragedies, physical illnesses and moments of self-doubt, as he laboured towards publication of the book that would change the way we see the world.

The story is told with the benefit of Darwin's secret notes and correspondence, enhanced by natural history filming, powerful imagery from the time and contributions from leading contemporary biographers and scientists.

TUE 21:00 Early Doors (b0078s82)
Series 2

Episode 3

The chance to win a box of chocolates has the regulars racking their brains in an attempt to win at The Grapes quiz night, and Eddie soon finds himself in a pickle as he reveals his specialist subject.

Ken and Tanya's relationship steps up a notch as Tanya lays on her charms for Ken and he lays on free sarnies. Mel and her new boyfriend Dean get close and personal as they think about getting a place of their own and Duffy subjects the pub to another dose of melancholic music and mood as his single-lifedom begins to sink in.

TUE 21:30 I've Never Seen Star Wars (b00j8cpt)
Series 1

John Humphrys

Marcus Brigstocke hosts a chat show in which he invites someone to step out of their comfort zone and try five new cultural experiences, from playing bingo to reading Proust. Journalist and broadcaster John Humphrys is Marcus's guest in this edition.

TUE 22:00 Mad Men (b00jf36g)
Series 2

The Gold Violin

Drama series which takes an unflinching look at the world of advertising in 1960s New York.

At Roger's behest, Don buys a new car which befits his image as an executive who has 'arrived'. Don's secretary makes a grave error, which puts her at odds with Joan. Bertram Cooper has a new piece of art in his office that attracts the interest of the employees at Sterling Cooper. Betty learns an ugly truth from Jimmy Barrett. Salvatore invites Ken home for dinner, but there are overtones.

TUE 22:50 Law and Order (b00jf36j)
A Detective's Tale

A play about the law: those who keep it, those who break it and those who live off it. A Detective's Tale tells the detective's view of a crime.

TUE 00:10 The Real Life on Mars (b00czhhw)
Documentary which looks at the world of policing before the 1980s and asks whether 'old-style policing' was as bad as that portrayed on TV in Life on Mars or whether it might have actually been more effective than the political correctness and forensic paraphernalia of today. Includes interviews with ex-cops, criminals, academics and writers.

TUE 01:10 Darwin's Struggle: The Evolution of the Origin of Species (b00hd1mr)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:00 today]

TUE 02:10 BBC Proms (b00czh57)

Prom 26: King's Singers - 40th Anniversary

Suzy Klein introduces a concert by the King's Singers, who return to mark their 40th anniversary with a wide-ranging Anglo-French programme including French folk songs by Poulenc, French renaissance madrigals, English Victorian part-songs and more recent arrangements of traditional English folk songs of the type they have made their own.

TUE 03:40 The Book Quiz (b00jdw5h)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:30 on Monday]


WED 19:00 World News Today (b00jf3hs)
The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

WED 19:30 Britain's Best Drives (b00j8cpm)
The Wye Valley and Forest of Dean

Actor Richard Wilson takes a journey into the past, following routes raved about in motoring guides of 50 years ago.

Using an Austin Cambridge to explore an area that claims to be the birthplace of British tourism, Richard learns about life before the Severn Bridge, finds out why thousands of tourists flocked to the Wye Valley in search of the 'picturesque' and discovers how ancient customs are still practised in the medieval Forest of Dean, with his trip culminating at a renowned viewpoint.

WED 20:00 Secret Wilderness - Japan (b00jj1ym)
Episode 2

Writer, naturalist and explorer Steve Backshall goes to the island of Yakushima to explore it's primeval forests and observe the beach-dwelling macaques.

WED 20:10 Private Life of a Masterpiece (b0078q0z)
Series 3

The Great Wave

Consideration of Hokusai's The Great Wave, arguably the most famous of all Oriental paintings and one with a rich and fascinating story.

WED 21:00 Baroque! - From St Peter's to St Paul's (b00jf3hv)
Episode 3

Spectacular three-part series, exploring the Baroque tradition in many of its key locations. Starting in Italy and following the spread of the wildfire across Europe and beyond, art critic Waldemar Januszczak takes a tour of the best examples of Baroque to be found, and tells the best stories behind those works.

Episode Three brings the Baroque home with an exploration of the English Baroque tradition that finds its climax through a tour of London's Hawksmoor churches, and Christopher Wren's iconic St Paul's Cathedral.

WED 22:00 Britain's Best Drives (b00j8cpm)
[Repeat of broadcast at 19:30 today]

WED 22:30 Newswipe (b00jf3hx)
Series 1

Episode 1

Charlie Brooker returns to train his sights firmly on news and current affairs.

He looks at the news's obsession with the credit crunch, and the potty levels it has reached. Nick Davies authors a piece about the influence the PR industry has over the news and Tim Key performs a poem.

WED 23:00 I've Never Seen Star Wars (b00j8cpt)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:30 on Tuesday]

WED 23:30 Baroque! - From St Peter's to St Paul's (b00jf3hv)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:00 today]

WED 00:35 BBC Proms (b00d98t3)

Prom 62: Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra

Petroc Trelawny presents a concert by the Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra under conductor Colin Davis. They are joined by the dynamic Danish violinist Nikolaj Znaider in a performance of Beethoven's monumental Violin Concerto, known as his 'ultimate challenge'. The concert ends with Sibelius's great statement of pride and love for his native Finland, his Second Symphony.

WED 02:40 Baroque! - From St Peter's to St Paul's (b00jf3hv)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:00 today]

WED 03:40 I've Never Seen Star Wars (b00j8cpt)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:30 on Tuesday]


THU 19:00 World News Today (b00jf3yc)
The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

THU 19:40 Natural World (b0079736)

Buddha, Bees and the Giant Hornet Queen

The Giant Japanese Hornet is the fiercest looking insect on earth, and one of the deadliest. This film follows the remarkable life of one giant hornet queen, as she emerges from hibernation and starts to build up a colony in an old temple garden. Her army of warriors terrorise the beautiful mountain valley in their constant struggle to find food for their hungry grubs.

In a series of dramatic pitched battles, the giant hornets massacre thousands of bees, but victory isn't always assured - one local honeybee fights back thanks to a remarkable defensive strategy, and suddenly it is the hornets that are dying. A beekeeper monk bears witness to the rising power of the giant hornet colony, and despite the hornet's attacks on his own bees, he reveals a deep respect for these incredible predators.

THU 20:30 Britain's Best Drives (b00jf4jn)
The Trossachs

Actor Richard Wilson takes a journey into the past, following routes raved about in motoring guides of 50 years ago.

For his final drive, Richard returns to the country of his birth in a splendid 1950s Bentley. He drops in on his sister, returns to the original 'Dr Finlay' house, takes to the water to find out how Sir Walter Scott inspired a deluge of sightseers to the region, drives Scotland's most famous road in the company of a bevy of vintage bikers, and discovers just what it is about great vistas that gives us all such a thrill.

THU 21:00 India's Hospital Train (b00jf4jq)
The story of a special train, the Lifeline Express. It is known as the Magic Train. With two state-of-the-art operating theatres, recovery rooms, offices and accommodation, each project requires a team of volunteer doctors, surgeons and nurses to give their services for free. For four weeks, cameras follow the Mandsor project as operations are carried out on poor rural people while the train is standing in a station in the middle of India.

Dashrath is going deaf, Bharat can't walk and baby Shiva was born with a cleft lip. They cannot reach a hospital and they can't afford the operations. The operations change the lives of both patients and doctors. With compelling, dynamic and moving stories, the Magic Train opens a gateway to another India, where 21st-century medicine meets village India.

THU 22:00 Michael Smith's Drivetime (b00jf4js)
The Endless Road

Novelist and raconteur Michael Smith explores Britain's modern obsession with cars and driving.

Smith waxes lyrical on his new-found passion for travelling, if not for driving per se, having finally discovered a means of transport that suits him: hitching. Falling in and out of cars, driven almost exclusively by young, attractive, Europeans, he manages to travel the full length of the country.

Eager for adventure, he recognises that the road can go on forever - even where Top Gear fails to reach - and drives through the airlocked Channel Tunnel into Europe. Smith heads for his beloved Burgundy, at peace with the purpose of the road and what it means to him.

THU 22:30 I've Never Seen Star Wars (b00jks3x)
Series 1

Rory McGrath

Marcus Brigstocke hosts a chat show in which he invites someone to step out of their comfort zone and try five new cultural experiences.

In this episode, Rory McGrath tries watching Fawlty Towers, straightening his hair and going to a ballet.

THU 23:00 Newswipe (b00jf3hx)
[Repeat of broadcast at 22:30 on Wednesday]

THU 23:30 India's Hospital Train (b00jf4jq)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:00 today]

THU 00:30 I've Never Seen Star Wars (b00jks3x)
[Repeat of broadcast at 22:30 today]

THU 01:00 BBC Proms (b00d2xwx)

Prom 43: Beethoven Mass in C

Petroc Trelawny introduces Beethoven's Mass in C, performed by conductor Richard Hickox with the City of London Sinfonia, the BBC Singers and soloists soprano Rebecca Evans, mezzo-soprano Pamela Helen Stephen, tenor Thomas Walker and bass Matthew Rose.

The first half of the concert features works by two anniversary composers, as Vaughan Williams's Flos Campi with viola soloist Lawrence Power is followed by Nigel Osborne's Flute Concerto with Sharon Bezaly as the flautist.

The concert begins with Mozart's Symphony No 34 in C Major.

THU 03:25 Britain's Best Drives (b00jf4jn)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:30 today]

THU 03:55 Michael Smith's Drivetime (b00jf4js)
[Repeat of broadcast at 22:00 today]


FRI 19:00 World News Today (b00jf64t)
The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

FRI 19:30 Jazz 625 (b00jh665)
The Dave Brubeck Quartet

Steve Race introduces the legendary Dave Brubeck Quartet in a restored and re-edited 1964 programme, featuring Paul Desmond on saxophone, Gene Wright on bass, Joe Morello on drums and Brubeck on piano. Songs include Take 5, the first jazz record to sell over one million copies.

FRI 20:00 Panorama (b00jf64w)
1959: A Panorama Guide

Documentary looking back at 1959 through the eyes of the long-running BBC current affairs programme Panorama, recalling a time when Britain finally realised that the old world was fast disappearing.

The game was up with the Empire and attitudes to class, race and gender were beginning to shift, while television was entering a golden age, with Panorama playing a key role in documenting the birth of modern Britain.

FRI 21:00 Sissinghurst (b00j0c30)
Episode 3

Documentary series about the attempts of writer Adam Nicolson and his wife Sarah Raven to bring farming back into the heart of the estate and garden at Sissinghurst Castle in Kent, their historic home which is owned by the National Trust and was moulded into its present form by Nicolson's grandmother Vita Sackville-West and her husband Harold Nicolson back in the 1930s.

It is March, and Adam and Sarah's quest to change the way Sissinghurst operates is proving difficult, as head gardener Alexis has raised objections to Adam's plans.

Sarah's ideas for transforming the restaurant are not being taken up, so she tries a new tactic and cooks a trial menu. Head chef Steve, trained in French cookery, is not persuaded by Sarah's more rustic ways. She invites Steve and catering manager Ginny to her gardening and cookery school in the hope that they will take her ideas more seriously.

Adam continues to research his book and visits Long Barn, Vita and Harold's first marital home, where Harold announced he had a sexually transmitted disease and confessed to his gay affairs. Adam's sister Juliet takes us to the bedroom where Vita slept and entertained a number of female visitors.

FRI 21:30 Sissinghurst (b00j2r7c)
Episode 4

Documentary series about the attempts of writer Adam Nicolson and his wife Sarah Raven to bring farming back into the heart of the estate and garden at Sissinghurst Castle in Kent, their historic home which is owned by the National Trust and was moulded into its present form by Nicolson's grandmother Vita Sackville-West and her husband Harold Nicolson back in the 1930s.

It is April, and although work is now two months behind schedule there is progress on the farm project. Work has begun in earnest on what will be fruit and vegetable plot. Adam and Linda Clifford, lifelong residents of the estate, take drastic measures in an attempt to control the large rabbit population on the estate.

As the height of the garden-visiting season approaches, Sissinghurst's visitor numbers rapidly increase and car-park volunteers Brenda and Linda have their work cut out. The garden is looking beautiful in its spring glory, but nevertheless Adam feels Sissinghurst is losing more and more of its old authentic charm and takes the matter up with property manager Sally and head gardener Alexis.

Up in the tower, Vita's old workplace, Adam finds the Gladstone bag where she hid her confessional biography about her affair with Violet Trefusis, which culminated in her elopement to France, when she temporarily abandoned her two young sons.

FRI 22:00 1959: The Year that Changed Jazz (b00jf64y)
1959 was the seismic year jazz broke away from complex bebop music to new forms, allowing soloists unprecedented freedom to explore and express. It was also a pivotal year for America: the nation was finding its groove, enjoying undreamt-of freedom and wealth; social, racial and upheavals were just around the corner; and jazz was ahead of the curve.

Four major jazz albums were made, each a high watermark for the artists and a powerful reflection of the times. Each opened up dramatic new possibilities for jazz which continue to be felt: Miles Davis, Kind of Blue; Dave Brubeck, Time Out; Charles Mingus, Mingus Ah Um; and Ornette Coleman, The Shape of Jazz to Come.

Rarely seen archive performances help vibrantly bring the era to life and explore what made these albums vital both in 1959 and the 50 years since. The programme contains interviews with Lou Reed, Dave Brubeck, Ornette Coleman, Charlie Haden, Herbie Hancock, Joe Morello (Brubeck's drummer) and Jimmy Cobb (the only surviving member of Miles' band), along with a host of jazz movers and shakers from the 50s and beyond.

FRI 23:00 Jazz 625 (b00jh667)
Dizzy Gillespie Quintet

In a restored and re-edited version of the 1960s jazz programme, Neneh Cherry introduces a session by trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie accompanied by Rudy Collins, Christopher White, Kenny Barren and James Moody.

FRI 23:35 Mad Men (b00jf36g)
[Repeat of broadcast at 22:00 on Tuesday]

FRI 00:25 Panorama (b00jf64w)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:00 today]

FRI 01:25 1959: The Year that Changed Jazz (b00jf64y)
[Repeat of broadcast at 22:00 today]

FRI 02:25 Sissinghurst (b00j0c30)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:00 today]

FRI 02:55 Sissinghurst (b00j2r7c)
[Repeat of broadcast at 21:30 today]

FRI 03:25 Panorama (b00jf64w)
[Repeat of broadcast at 20:00 today]